J M W Turner 1775-1851 “The Sun Is God”

J M W TURNER, although renowned for his Oil Paintings,was also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting.He is commonly known as the “Painter of Light”.

Turner travelled widely in Europe, starting with France and Switzerland, in 1802, and studying at the Louvre,in Paris, in the same year. He also made many visits to Venice.

As he grew older, Turner became more eccentric. He had few close friends except for his father, who lived with him for 30 years,eventually working as his studio assistant. His father’s death in 1829 had a profound effect on him, and he was, from this time, subject to bouts of depression.

In his later years, he used oils ever more transparently, and turned to an evocation of almost pure light by use of shimmering colour. The intensity of hue and interest in evanescent light not only placed Turner’s work at the forefront of English Painting, but later exerted an influence upon French Art and particularly the Impressionists, like Claude Monet, who carefully studied Turner’s Techniques.